Skip to main content


Is HSG test painful: Worried if HSG test is painful or not? Read this blog to find out HSG test side effects & if HSG test is painful at Indira IVF. Read more.

When it comes to women's health and medical procedures, questions and concerns often arise due to the sensitivity of the subject. The HSG test, a diagnostic procedure that sheds light on reproductive health, is no exception. A frequent inquiry among those considering this test is whether HSG test is painful. In this article, we will understand if HSG test is painful or not, explore HSG side effects and provide insights into managing any uneasy feelings.

Is HSG Test Painful?

The question that often lingers on the minds of individuals scheduled for an HSG test is whether there is a pain after HSG test. The answer is not entirely straightforward, as pain perception varies from person to person. Many women describe the HSG test as uncomfortable rather than overtly painful. During the procedure, a speculum is inserted into the vagina, and a catheter delivers contrast dye to the uterus while X-ray images are taken. This process can cause sensations of pressure, cramping, or discomfort, similar to menstrual cramps.

HSG Test Side Effects

While there are no long term side effects of HSG test and is considered relatively safe, there are few potential side effects that some individuals might experience such as:

1. Discomfort or Pain: As mentioned, discomfort or mild pain is a common side effect. However, it is usually temporary and subsides shortly after the procedure.

2. Spotting or Bleeding: Some women might experience light spotting or vaginal bleeding after the HSG test. This is typically minimal and resolves within a day or two.

3. Infection: While rare, there is a slight risk of infection associated with any procedure that involves introducing instruments into the body. This risk is minimized by adhering to sterile techniques.

How Long Does HSG Pain Last?

The duration of discomfort or pain during an HSG test is relatively short. Most women report experiencing sensations of pressure or cramping only during the injection of the contrast dye and initial imaging. This discomfort typically subsides shortly after the procedure is completed. It's important to remember that while the discomfort might be momentarily bothersome, the information gained from the HSG test can be invaluable for understanding reproductive health.

Is HSG Painful Without Anesthesia?

Anesthesia is not typically used during an HSG test. The procedure itself is relatively quick, lasting around 15-30 minutes. While some clinics might offer pain relief options such as over-the-counter pain relievers taken prior to the procedure, anesthesia is generally not required due to the short duration of discomfort.

Is HSG Pain the Same as Period Pain?

The discomfort experienced during an HSG test is often compared to menstrual cramps. However, it's important to note that the sensation can vary from person to person. Some women might find the sensation similar to period pain, while others might experience it differently. The discomfort is usually temporary and subsides once the procedure is completed.

Will there be a Bleeding after HSG?

It's not uncommon for some women to experience light spotting or vaginal bleeding after an HSG test. This is a normal side effect and typically resolves within a day or two. If the bleeding is excessive or accompanied by severe pain, it's advisable to consult a healthcare provider.

Can you make the HSG Test Painless?

While it's not possible to eliminate all discomfort associated with the HSG test, there are strategies that can help minimize the sensation of pain:

1. Pre-Medication: Some clinics might recommend taking over-the-counter pain relievers before the procedure to alleviate discomfort.

2. Relaxation Techniques: Engaging in relaxation exercises, such as deep breathing or mindfulness, can help ease tension and reduce discomfort.

3. Communication: Communicating openly with the healthcare provider about any concerns or anxieties can lead to a more comfortable experience. They might adjust their approach to minimize discomfort.

How to Manage the Pain or Discomfort?

Managing the discomfort associated with the HSG test involves a combination of physical and mental techniques:

1. Deep Breathing: Deep and steady breathing can help relax pelvic muscles and alleviate tension.

2. Relaxation Techniques: Engaging in relaxation exercises, such as guided imagery or progressive muscle relaxation, can divert focus from discomfort.

3. Distraction: Bringing a book, music, or engaging in conversation during the procedure can help take your mind off any discomfort.

Advice from Indira IVF

The HSG test's association with discomfort rather than severe pain is a crucial distinction to keep in mind. While the discomfort experienced during the procedure is temporary, the insights gained through the HSG test can be invaluable for understanding reproductive health and making informed decisions. Utilizing strategies to manage discomfort, open communication with healthcare providers, and seeking guidance can help individuals navigate the HSG test experience with greater ease and confidence.

At Indira IVF, we emphasize that while discomfort during the HSG test is common, the procedure's benefits in understanding reproductive health are significant. Our fertility experts discuss any concerns or anxieties beforehand and provide guidance on managing discomfort and ensuring a smoother experience for each patients. To know how we can help you manage the pain during & after the HSG test, schedule a consultation with our Fertility Experts. Call 18003092323 to take the first step.


Tools to help you plan better

Get quick understanding of your fertility cycle and accordingly make a schedule to track it

© 2023 Indira IVF Hospital Private Limited. All Rights Reserved.