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Female infertility

According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO) infertility refers to an inability to conceive after one year of regular sexual intercourse in the absence of any contraception.


 What are the Different Signs and Symptoms of Female Infertility? 

Infertility is a condition that limits one's chances of becoming pregnant and giving birth to a child. This is often identified in couples after a year of attempting to conceive, though it may be diagnosed earlier depending on factors contributing to infertility. For couples, one-third of infertility causes are attributable to male issues, one-third to female issues, and one-third to a combination of factors or unidentified causes. Female infertility, often known as "female factor" infertility, is when the female partner has infertility issues. Let’s look at some of the common signs & symptoms of Female Infertility –

Signs and Symptoms of Female Infertility

Some female infertility symptoms are frequently connected to other underlying illnesses. Usually, 10 to 15 percent of untreated chlamydia cases lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This leads to the blockage of the fallopian tube, which causes infertility. Apart from this, several other conditions affect fertility. 

The signs of infertility in women may vary depending on different individuals. So, if you have trouble conceiving, consult a doctor immediately. Some of the common symptoms of infertility in women are -

1. Irregular Periods

Irregular periods account for 30 percent to 40 percent of all infertility cases. Usually, the menstrual cycle is 28 days long. But as long as those cycles are regular, a fluctuation of a few days can be regarded as normal. However, a woman may experience irregular periods if her cycle fluctuates so greatly that she is unable to predict when her period will arrive. Several factors cause irregular periods, such as stress, hormonal imbalances, certain medical conditions, medications, etc. Irregular periods can also be a sign of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), which can be the cause of infertility. 

2. No Periods At All

It is not uncommon for women to miss a period. This might happen due to stress, workout, and other lifestyle factors. But continuous missing periods might be a matter of concern. Thus you must seek medical attention and get your fertility checked. 

3. Painful or Heavy Periods

Periodic cramps and pain are very common. However, heavy or painful periods can be a red alert for you. This might be a sign of endometriosis, and it is a huge symptom of infertility. Other symptoms of endometriosis are -

  • Pain during sex
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain
  • Chronic pelvic pain 
  • Nausea
  • Irregular bowel movement
  • Irregular periods and spotting

Symptoms of Hormone Fluctuations

Hormonal changes can be nonspecific. You might not notice them or know the exact causes. Also, it is one of the common causes of infertility. However, a doctor can test for some hormonal issues. The hormone fluctuations can affect the body in many ways, including -

  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Facial hair in females
  • Thinning hair on the crown
  • Nipple discharge
  • Severe acne
  • Reduced sex drive 

1. Pain During Sex

Some women experience pain during sex their entire lives. Thus, they are convinced that this is common. It might be related to hormonal issues, endometriosis, or other underlying conditions, which could lead to female infertility. 

2. Vaginal Soreness and Irritability

Soreness and irritability with white discharge could mean vaginal infection. If left untreated, infections like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and mycoplasma can eventually lead to infertility. 

3. Dark or Pale Menstrual Blood

If your period blood is paler than before, it might be a sign of concern. Menstrual blood is usually bright red initially, which might turn pale red after a few days. Darker blood during the initial days of menstruation can be a sign of endometriosis. If you experience any such symptoms, it is important to see a doctor. 

4. Obesity

If you are overweight, there might be a chance your weight will affect your reproductive health. Ideal weight and good health may not always be signs of fertility in women, but it is preferable in achieving pregnancy. 

5. Unable to Conceive

The primary signs of female infertility are not getting pregnant or being unable to conceive even after trying for a certain period. You must see a doctor after trying for at least one year. 

What are the other Risk Factors for Female Infertility?

Other risk factors for female infertility in women are as follows -

  • Age of the person (Women of age 40 or more have lesser chances of getting pregnant)
  • Smoking tobacco and marijuana
  • Stress
  • Poor diet
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Cysts
  • PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • History of sexually transmitted infections
  • Drinking alcohol

When to See a Doctor?

You must see a doctor immediately when you experience any sign of infertility and have been unsuccessful at conceiving for more than a year. They might offer you several treatments for infertility including - 

1. Fertility Drugs 

Fertility drugs are given to stimulate the hormone responsible for the maturing and release of the eggs and could help those with ovarian disorders. However, fertility drugs have side effects such as OHSS (Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome) or increased chances of developing ovarian tumours. 

2. IUI

During IUI, millions of healthy sperm are injected into the uterus during ovulation. 

3. Surgical Procedure

The doctor corrects any abnormalities or blockages in the fallopian tubes and uterus with surgical procedures. However, these treatments are rarely used these days because of the success rate of other treatments.

4. IVF

IVF is the most effective assisted reproductive treatment method. In this procedure, the ovary is stimulated to develop eggs. Then, after a few days, the eggs are harvested and fertilised in the lab. After the eggs are fertilised, the embryo is transferred to the uterus. 

About 15 - 20 percent of couples trying to conceive will have fertility problems. Female factors in infertility are typically responsible 40 percent of the time. So, if you think you could be having difficulties becoming pregnant in the future, you're not alone. 

Using advanced technologies, Indira IVF offers its expertise in infertility treatment and helping couples start a family. Our team of highly qualified and experienced doctors will help you pinpoint the causes of infertility with tests and diagnoses and offer the best treatment for your condition. To consult with our experts, contact us today at 18003092323.

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