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What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy is a surgical and diagnostic procedure that enables the doctor to check a woman’s reproductive system.

What is Laparoscopy

A thin tube called a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. The laparoscope has a high-resolution camera at the front, which sends images to a video monitor. A surgeon can visualize uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries to determine the causes of infertility. 

Laparoscopy is less painful and needs minimal incision. With fast recovery, it requires a short hospital stay. It helps in both the diagnosis and treatment of infertility issues. It is also called keyhole surgery or bandaid surgery. 

If you have trouble in conceiving or facing any infertility issues, there are many ways to treat your fertility problems. Once you complete all the basic infertility evaluation, your doctor may suggest you to undergo laparoscopy. It is a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic minor surgical procedure that can increase the chances of your pregnancy. 

When other tests can not find the underlying cause of infertility, the doctor needs to look directly for your reproductive organs. With the arrival of advanced technologies, it has become possible to perform minimally invasive surgeries with accuracy. Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy being two such surgeries, are advised to diagnose and treat infertility problems. 


Some anomalies are often the reason for unexplained infertility. Laparoscopy, by helping in the diagnosis and treatment of these problems increases the chances of pregnancy.

  • Treatment of endometriosis - In endometriosis, endometrial tissue grows outside the uterine cavity instead of lining it. This causes severe pain, heavy menstrual bleeding and also infertility. Endometriosis causes inflammation of fallopian tubes, scarring, or even blockage. Laparoscopy can resolve this issue by removing the lesion caused by endometriosis.
  • Ovarian cystectomy - These are the fluid-filled sacs that sometimes cause extreme pain and discomfort. When removal of the cyst is needed, laparoscopy is the best option. 
  • Myomectomy - It is the removal of fibroids from the uterus. These fibroids cause pelvic pain, heavy menstruation, and also blockage of the uterus, making it difficult to conceive. Myomectomy can be done successfully by laparoscopy with minimal incision. 
  • Lysis of uterine adhesions - It is a procedure of removal of scar tissue from the uterus. Laparoscopic lysis reduces the risk of any future adhesions, thus increases the chances of fertility. 
  • Other anatomical abnormalities of the reproductive system

Laparoscopic surgery is an excellent option for women facing infertility issues when compared to other traditional surgeries. Unlike open surgeries, laparoscopy avoids large open wounds; it has a better outcome and faster recovery.  

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