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Tests include-

  • Ultrasound- It helps your doctor to get through your cyst’s shape, size, composition of mass and location.
  • Pregnancy tests
  • Hormone tests, to check if there are any hormone-related problems
  • Blood tests
  • Laparoscopy- In this surgery, a laparoscope (a thin tube with a camera) is inserted into the abdomen to view the pelvic organs closely. It can also be very helpful while treating cysts.

Ultrasound is the best way to diagnose ovarian cysts. But at times to figure out the nature of cyst hormonal tests and /or tumour markers are advised. In very rare cases if there is confusion, CT scan or MRI can be helpful.

Functional cysts usually resolve spontaneously within 3 months. Some hormonal medications may be prescribed to treat these type of cysts. Cysts of size more than 4 cm may need surgery (laparoscopy)

At times endometriotic cysts need long term oral / injectable medications and/or surgery.

Dermoid cysts can be treated by surgery only.

Malignant ovarian cysts need extensive surgery and oncology consultation.

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