Ultrasound is the best way to diagnose ovarian cysts. But at times to figure out the nature of cyst hormonal tests and /or tumour markers are advised. In very rare cases if there is confusion, CT scan or MRI can be helpful.
Functional cysts usually resolve spontaneously within 3 months. Some hormonal medications may be prescribed to treat these type of cysts. Cysts of size more than 4 cm may need surgery (laparoscopy)
At times endometriotic cysts need long term oral / injectable medications and/or surgery.
Dermoid cysts can be treated by surgery only.
Malignant ovarian cysts need extensive surgery and oncology consultation.
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