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What are the effective PCOS Treatment Options available?

Let's explore how to treat PCOS in its entirety.

PCOS is a common medical issue that can be treated with appropriate medical care and lifestyle modification. Sometimes, the symptoms are so mild or not manifested at all that women might not even realise they are suffering from this condition without any diagnosis. Some of the symptoms include – irregular menstruation, acne, excessive hair growth etc.

The symptoms of PCOS may be managed with the use of treatments, which can also reduce your risk of developing long-term health issues, including diabetes and heart disease. Your doctor should discuss your priorities to develop an effective treatment strategy. Based on your history, hormonal test, other health concerns, and whether you wish to get pregnant, your doctor will make the PCOS diagnosis and decide on the best course of action.

Treatment options include medication, alterations to one's way of life, or a combination of the two.

The following therapies are available if you don't plan to get pregnant:

  • Hormonal birth control - Birth control methods include tablets, patches, needles, vaginal rings, and intrauterine devices. Your menstrual cycle can be regulated with the use of hormonal birth control. Certain types can also assist with acne and excessive hair growth.
  • Insulin-sensitising medicine - A medication called metformin is used to treat diabetes. It functions by facilitating the body's use of insulin. Several patients with PCOS report improved menstrual periods after their insulin levels are under control.
  • Anti-androgen medications - The impact of androgens can be blocked by several medications. It inhibits the growth of new hair or acne. You should discuss if such a treatment is appropriate for you with your doctor.

The following PCOS treatments are available if you wish to get pregnant now or in the future:

  • Ovarian stimulant medications - The first stage of a healthy pregnancy is ovulation. Several medications can cause ovulation in women with PCOS. The gonadotropins (administered intravenously), clomiphene, and letrozole must be taken only after the doctor's prescription.
  • Surgery - By removing tissue from your ovaries that generates androgen hormones, surgery can help you get your ovulation back on track. Surgeons carry out this operation rarely if the medication works best for the patient.
  • In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - When medicine is unable to aid in ovulation, PCOS patients have this alternative for conceiving. Before transferring it to your uterus, your provider fertilises your egg in a lab using the sperm of your partner.

Lifestyle Changes for Treating PCOS

1. Maintaining a healthy weight - Overweight or obese women are prevalent among PCOS patients. Even a little amount of weight loss—5% to 10%—can help your period become more regular and relieve certain discomfort. Blood sugar and ovulation issues may also be better managed with this. If you believe you may benefit from a good PCOS diet plan, talk to your doctor about starting a weight-control program. To achieve your weight-loss objectives, consult a trained dietician.

2. Limiting the consumption of carbohydrates - Diets high in carbohydrates may cause an increase in insulin. Your doctor might advise you to avoid meals high in sugar or starch since PCOS can result in high blood sugar. Instead, consume a lot of high-fibre foods and meals to gradually boost your blood sugar levels. Make your blood sugar levels rise more slowly by choosing complex carbs which can be found in foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, cooked dry beans and peas.

3. Staying Active - Blood sugar levels can be decreased by regular exercise. If you have PCOS, increasing your daily activity and exercising frequently may help you treat or perhaps avoid insulin resistance. Moreover, maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding diabetes may be facilitated by exercise.

4. Reducing the level of stress - Compared to women without PCOS, women with this disease are more likely to experience depression and anxiety. Your emotions may be impacted by hormonal imbalances, and mood swings may be aggravated by the difficulties of learning to manage PCOS issues. Relaxing is the answer! Doing yoga or engaging yourself in the activities that interest you will definitely reduce your stress.

When should I get Medical Attention?

The following symptoms should be reported to your doctor right away if you experience any of them:

  • Acne, excessive hair growth, and other symptoms of high testosterone levels
  • Pain with fever and vomiting
  • Sudden, intense stomach pain
  • Weakness, light-headedness, or faintness
  • Rapid breathing
  • Having trouble getting pregnant

How to cure PCOS permanently?

A simple answer on whether PCOS can be cured, would be – No. Currently there is No known cure for PCOS. Although there is no PCOS cure at present, your doctor can help you effectively manage the symptoms. PCOS may have different signs & symptoms over time. It’s most serious side effects can be avoided by leading a healthy lifestyle. Maintaining a healthy weight requires both eating a nutritious diet and exercising. Hence, women with PCOS can have a healthy and regular life by just following the prescribed lifestyle advice.

At Indira IVF, we understand the impact that PCOS can have on your physical, emotional, and mental health, which is why we provide compassionate care and support throughout your journey. Our goal is to help you achieve optimal health and improve your quality of life. If you're struggling with PCOS, don't suffer in silence. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards effective treatment and better health. Call 18003092323 to know more.

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