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Overview of IVF (In vitro fertilization) comes as a beacon of hope for couples who are unable to get pregnant on their own. Women who are suffering from infertility issues, be it for age or for some other reason, this unique fertility treatment can provide you the reproductive assistance you need. Visit our IVF centre in Siliguri to avail the treatment. If you haven’t heard of it before, the term ‘IVF’ might be confusing or even scary for you. When you think of the possibility of undergoing the treatment, it is natural to have a few questions in mind. You should consult your doctor regarding this. The doctor will help you understand how the method works, the associated risks and whether the treatment is right for you or not.
Undergo fertility tests before choosing IVF Infertility is a more common issue that you would imagine. In fact, around 15% of couples all over the world suffer from the problem, estimating to around 48.5 million partners. Around half of these cases are because of infertility issues in women, with approximately 20%-30% of them being because of men. Rest of the cases are because of some problem in both the partners.
If you are having difficulties getting pregnant, it is recommended that both you and your partner undergo fertility test before arriving any treatment like IVF. The fertility doctors in Siliguri will help you throughout the process. Once the cause of infertility has been determined, you might have to undergo IVF treatment. Several women have been successful in getting pregnant after they tried out IVF.
What is IVF? IVF or in vitro fertilization is a complicated series of procedures that helps in child conception by treating genetic or fertility problems. The overall process helps with fertilization, development of embryo and its implantation, ultimately assisting in getting pregnant. During the IVF process, mature eggs from your ovaries are collected and fertilized in a lab by sperm. Then, the embryo or fertilized eggs are implanted in your uterus. A single IVF cycle takes around 2 weeks. It is one of the most well-known form of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology). The procedure is commonly used for infertility treatment in Siliguri.
In most cases, IVF is done using the sperm of your partner and your egg. However, it may also involve sperm or eggs from an anonymous or known donor. A woman having embryo implanted in her uterus, a gestational carrier may also be used in certain cases. There are many factors that come into play while determining whether you would have a healthy baby through IVF. These include the exact cause of your infertility and also your age. The entire process itself is time consuming, invasive and expensive. It can even result in multiple pregnancy, i.e. pregnancy with multiple fetus, if multiple embryos are implanted in your uterus.
Why is it used? Most commonly, IVF treatment is used to treat genetic or infertility problems. In case it is used for the treatment of infertility, you should probably try out other less invasive treatment before you attempt IVF. Sometimes, for women aged over 40 primarily go for test tube baby treatment in Siliguri. IVF can be an option worth considering if either your partner or you have:
- Blockage or damage in the fallopian tube
- Premature ovarian failure
- Ovulation disorders
- Uterine fibroids
- Impaired function or production of sperm
- Previous removal or sterilization of fallopian tube
- Genetic disorder
- Unexplained infertility
How does it work? In vitro fertilization works with the use of a combination of surgical procedures and medicines, aimed at assisting in fertilization of an egg with the help of sperm and then implant the fertilized egg in the uterus.
Firstly, you take medications that help in maturing of several of your eggs, making them ready to be fertilized. Then, the IVF doctors in Siliguri take the eggs out of the body and mix them with sperm in a laboratory. This allows the sperm to fertilize the egg. Then, one or more of the embryos, or fertilized, eggs are placed directly in your uterus. If the embryo implant in the uterus lining, you will successfully achieve pregnancy.
The overall procedure involves many steps, and it usually takes many months to complete. At times, the treatment works with the first try itself. However, a lot of people may need multiple IVF rounds to successfully get pregnant. If you are having fertility issues, IVF will certainly increase the chances of achieving pregnancy. However, there is no absolute guarantee. Body of each individual is different in their own regard, and the treatment might not work for all.
Step 1: Ovulation Before and during the treatment, our doctors will monitor the timing of the release of eggs in your ovaries. Among everything else, they will make sure your hormonal levels are normal and the production of eggs is taking place in your ovaries. Do not worry, everything will take place at our fertility centre in Siliguri, you won’t have to go anywhere else.
Usually, the woman takes fertility drugs for stimulating the ovaries, thus boosting the production of eggs. Under normal condition, women produce one egg every month. Fertility medicines stimulate the production of several eggs. With more eggs available for the process, there are higher chances that you will get pregnant. If your body doesn’t naturally produce eggs on its own, you can consider using donor eggs for the process.
Step 2: Retrieval of Egg This step involves follicular aspiration, a minor surgery done for removing eggs from the body of the woman. This surgery is usually done on an outpatient basis at IVF clinic in Siliguri. Pain medications are given for reducing any discomfort during the procedure. As a part of the procedure, a thin needle is passed through the vagina and into ovary and follicles that contain the eggs. With gentle suction, fluid and eggs are pulled out of the follicles, one at a time. This process is repeated for the other ovary. The egg is then isolated from follicular fluid and placed in culture dish. After the procedure, you may experience some cramps, but it generally goes away in one day.
Step 3: Insemination and Fertilization Insemination is nothing but the mixing of the egg with the sperm of the man. A sample of sperm is secured, either from a donor or your partner. The most active sperm is placed with the best eggs and then stored in a chamber that is controlled environmentally. If the doctor considers that the chances of fertilization are low, the sperm may be injected directly into the egg. It is then monitored for making sure a healthy embryo is developing. Mostly, the sperm fertilizes the egg within hours after being inseminated.
Step 4: Transfer of the embryo The final step of the process is the transfer of the embryo. Firstly, our specialists examine the embryos at our IVF hospital in Siliguri. Then, the healthiest one is selected for transferring. After the transfer is done, if the embryo sticks or implants to the lining of the womb and starts growing, it results in pregnancy. After the entire process is completed, a bed rest is advisable for approximately 24 hours.
Side effects Like any medical procedure or medications, there are certain possible side effects and risks associated with IVF. Consult with Dr. Vinod Kumar, our IVF specialist in Siliguri if you have any questions or concerns about the side effects, which include:
- Tenderness of breast
- Mood swings
- Bruise from shots
- Bleeding allergic reaction to medicines
Since IVF is a treatment for infertility, the entire process can be difficult for you and your partner. You can consider talking to people who have struggled with fertility problems before. If you are really serious about getting pregnant and beating infertility, you should definitely give IVF a consideration. The treatment has a fairly decent success rate. You can do some research on your own and our doctors are obviously here to help you through the process.
How much does it cost? In general, the exact IVF cost in Howrah does vary from clinic to clinic. Book an appointment with us today and know more about the process. We will do the best we can to help you get pregnant.
Gynaecologist & IVF Specialist
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