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Identification and understanding of the root cause of female infertility is imperative. There are a host of female fertility tests that can help ascertain the cause.

Blood tests to check for a number of parameters including:

  1. Haemoglobin
  2. Blood glucose
  3. Thyroid (T3, T4, TSH)
  4. Anti-Mullerian hormone
  5. Progesterone hormone
  6. Oestrogen hormone
  7. Leuteinising hormone
  8. Follicle stimulating hormone

Ultrasonography is performed to check the ovaries and the egg reserve; this also helps to check for the development of any cysts.

Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is performed with the help of ultrasound or x-ray to ascertain if there are any blockages in the fallopian tubes. Saline or a special dye helps in visualisation and location of the same.

Laparoscopy is performed to check the reproductive organs for any abnormalities. It is a minor surgery that involves inserting a laparoscope with an attached camera through a small incision into the lower abdomen.

Diagnosis is the precursor for treatment. Depending on the cause of infertility there are a number of treatment options which help females realise their dream of motherhood.

  • Medication

Health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and thyroid disease that lead to problems in ovulation can be controlled with medicines and lifestyle changes. In such cases and other ovulatory causes, medication is prescribed.

  • Surgery/Hysterocopy

Surgery/hysteroscopy is performed in cases that require the removal of scar tissue, polyps, and fibroid tumours; it can also be utilised to open blocked fallopian tubes.

  • Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is the procedure taken up to treat tubal or pelvic diseases, as well as cysts.

  • Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

Using ART procedures such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and artificial insemination (AI) can help females conceive.

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