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Medical research is yet to pinpoint the exact cause behind the PCOD problem. Some of the factors that can lead to this condition include:

  • Family history: Women whose mothers have been diagnosed with PCOD are more likely to develop the condition too.
  • Insulin resistance: Studies have shown that women with PCOD usually have difficulty in utilising insulin to manage blood glucose levels. This can lead to a rise in blood glucose and cause the body to produce even more insulin. Excess insulin can, in turn, trigger the production of more male hormones.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation in the body can also stimulate the production of male hormones, like androgen, which are noticeably higher in women with PCOD.
  • Low progesterone: If a woman’s body does not make enough of progesterone, she might skip periods for extended periods of time.

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