Male infertility is not new anymore. Infertility is not gender biased, both men and women can be infertile. In fact, infertility is a health problem faced by around 10-15% of couples worldwide during their childbearing age. In all infertility cases, about 30% of cases are due to a female factor and 30% are due to male factor infertility. Remaining 30% of infertility cases include the problem with both the partners and the rest 10% infertility cases are caused by unexplained infertility.
Dr. Poonam, Chief IVF And Infertility Specialist at Indira IVF Hospital, Explained that: “Low sperm count” is one of the major causes of infertility in men. Also known as Oligozoospermia Or Oligospermia, is a condition that indicates that your semen contains lesser sperms than the normal sperm count. Sperm counts refer to the number of sperms that are present in 1 ml of semen. A normal semen sample contains 40 million to 300 million sperm per milliliter and a low sperm count is considered anything between 10 to 20 milliliters. This means that twenty million healthy sperms may be adequate for pregnancy to conceive.
As mentioned above oligospermia causes male infertility so it is important to understand the common oligospermia symptoms to diagnose it on time for effective oligospermia treatments.
For some men there are no obvious oligospermia symptoms, this condition only comes across when they start finding out the reasons for not being able to conceive. But in some cases, one can notice some warning signs that indicate there are some issues with the male reproductive system. These common symptoms include:
Diagnosis of oligospermia
Oligospermia diagnosed by a semen analysis test. This test examines the sperm count and quality, motility, abnormal & normal morphology forms.
Oligospermia Causes can be distributed into three major factors:
Medications – medicines like beta-blockers, antibiotics, blood pressure etc cause ejaculation defects and low sperm count
Environmental Factors: Constant exposure to environment toxin and chemicals can affect sperm production.
Chemical exposure – Pesticides, cleaning agents and the chemicals used in the paint can reduce sperm count.
Metal exposure – In addition to chemicals, constant exposure to heavy metals such as lead can also cause oligospermia.
Radiation – Exposure to radiation or X-ray can reduce sperm production. Constant or high exposure to the radiation can also cause Azoospermia, meaning nil sperm.
Overheating testicles – Constant sitting, placing laptops over your genitals, hot water tubs and wearing tight clothing may all contribute to overheating. An increase in the temperature around the testicles affects sperm production and quality.
3.Lifestyle Factors: Your lifestyle plays an important role in overall health. Alcohol, smoking, obesity, etc are some widespread Oligospermia causes.
Drugs use – Anabolic steroid medicines that are used to stimulate muscle strength and growth can shrink the testicles affecting sperm production.
Consumption of Alcohol – Excess of drinking alcohol may reduce sperm counts and quality.
Smoking – Smoking is injurious to your sperms as well. Men who smoke have low sperm counts compared to the men who don’t smoke.
Weight problems – Being overweight or obese may increases your risk for low sperm counts in many ways. Excess body fat and low muscle mass keeps the testosterone level below the normal level resulting in poor quality of sperms.
Stress – Stress is one of the common oligospermia causes. It causes hormonal imbalance affecting sperm production.
Oligospermia treatment is essential to resolve the infertility issue in men. The treatment includes –
Oligospermia treatment will be surgery if the cause is Varicocele. In the surgery the doctor will close off the enlarged vein, redirecting the blood flow to another vein.
When the oligospermia causes include hormonal imbalance, infection or inflammation, etc. The treatment will include medications. The treatment prevents further sperm count drop, assisting treatment is also needed.
3. Lifestyle Changes
One of oligospermia treatment is working on the lifestyle factors affecting sperm production and count. The major lifestyle changes needed to tame Oligospermia includes:
At Indira IVF and fertility center, our fertility experts are keen to help and resolve all your queries related infertility or IVF. You can book your appointment for a free consultation now.
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