IVF vs Surrogacy

which one to choose, is the most common questions among the couple with infertility or who are not able to conceive in a natural way. Yes, you heard it right; infertility is very common these days and about 7.8 million women around the world face problem in conceiving a baby. Both IVF and Surrogacy is the alternative method of having your own baby. It can be restored to the couple who want to have their baby using these alternatives.

To choose the best option, one must know about the available options in a detailed manner for better understanding. So, to understand each in a better way, be with us.


IVF: IVF is the In vitro fertilization, which helps you with fertilization, embryo development, and implantation to help you in getting pregnant.

Surrogacy: Surrogacy is the treatment of fertility in which a woman carries and delivers a baby for another couple.

Gestational Surrogacy: Egg from the intended mother is removed and is fertilized with the sperm of the intended father. This embryo or the fertilized egg is then transferred to a surrogate. Genetically, the child belongs to the intended couple. Surrogate only carries the child in her womb and gives birth.

How does the treatment process work?

IVF: In Vitro Fertilization is a process of combining egg & sperm inside the lab. This fertilized egg is implanted in your uterus. There is a step by step process followed to carry out the IVF treatment.

IVF includes many steps and it takes time rather several months to complete the process. It depends on the body type of the person, sometimes it works on the very first try and sometimes it is done more than one time. IVF is a great method to increase the chances of getting pregnant if you have fertility-related issues.

At first, the person is kept on medication to mature the eggs and make it ready for the fertilization. The eggs are taken out from your body with medical procedure and are mixed with the sperm in the laboratory so that the sperm fertilizes the eggs. This embryo or fertilized egg will get transferred to your uterus directly and pregnancy happens.

Surrogacy: A patient goes for surrogacy when a female partner has had removed her uterus due to medical reasons. At times, a female has a uterus but still, she goes for surrogacy due to either uterine defect or inherent condition.

The fertilization takes place in the womb of the surrogate. Not much medical procedures are involved in this, except for the regular routine checkups. The couples have to take care of the surrogate mother until the time she delivers their baby.

Step by step procedure

The process to carry out IVF method:

  • Ovulation Induction: In this process, you will be given fertility medication for some months. This medication will help you to produce eggs and get mature for the fertilization.
  • Egg Retrieval: Matured eggs are removed out of your body by doctors. They use a minor surgical procedure for this in their clinic.
  • During the surgical process: Doctors will give you medicine to make you relax and comfortable during the surgical process. They use ultrasound during this method to see inside your body. The doctor will put a hollow tube into your ovary through your vagina. The tube aims at the follicles where your eggs are present. Through a suction device, eggs are gently pulled out of each follicle.
  • Insemination: Next step is carried out in a laboratory where mature eggs are mixed with the sperms and this is known as insemination. The sperm can be of your partner or of any donor. The egg and sperm are stored in a special type of container where fertilization happens. Sometimes sperms with lower mobility are injected into the eggs for fertilization to occur. People working in the lab monitor the process of embryo formation.
  • Embryo Transfer: After 3-5 days, doctors will put embryo into your uterus directly through a tube. This tube is put into your uterus through your cervix.
  • If embryo gets attached with the lining of the uterus then pregnancy happens.
  • After embryo transfer, you are recommended to take rest for the day and you can go back to your daily activities from the next day.

Difference Between Surrogacy or IVF

The process to carry out the Surrogacy method and difference between surrogacy or IVF:

For couples struggling with infertility, before going for a search of the right surrogate party you need to be emotionally and mentally prepared for this procedure because it is a long emotional journey and needs a commitment from both the parties. As the process needs both emotional and financial investments so, you need to educate yourself well before going for it.

IVF vs Surrogacy Cost:

  • The average cost for IVF in about INR 1,00,000 – INR 1,50,000.
  • The cost of surrogacy ranges somewhere between INR 15,00,000 -INR 20,00,000.

Risk Involved:

IVF: IVF is supported by major medical procedures so it is natural to expect some side effects of it. Some of its negative effects are bloating, bleeding, breast tenderness, cramping, allergic reaction because of medicines, headache, mood swings, swollen and painful ovaries, and infection.

Sometimes people under the IVF process suffer from depression and anxiety.

Surrogacy: This process involves the side effect of IVF if a couple chooses to have a baby this way. Otherwise, the surrogate mother has some general risk which a biological mother would feel while being pregnant.

Also, there is an emotional risk which can be there because the person who is carrying your baby knows that the baby does not belong to her and she is only responsible for carrying the baby.

All the related information and differences between surrogacy and IVF are mentioned here. After going through all the factors associated with both of the infertility treatments, you can choose surrogacy or IVF according to your situation. Think and prepare yourself accordingly. Going for any process with need your patience, emotional support, and finances. If you have decided to take this step then prepare for everything in advance, gather information, consult to your doctors, ask to the people who have done this before and this way you can be prepared for all kind of situation that is likely to happen during the fertility treatment process.


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