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With Hubli centre, Indira IVF has opened its fifth fertility clinic in Karnataka.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a series of procedures that is used to help infertile couples get pregnant with the help of this fertility treatment. It also helps in preventing genetic problems to be passed on to the progeny and hence, assists with the conception of a child when the couple is unable to do it naturally.
During this treatment, the egg retrieval process is carried out in which mature eggs are collected from the woman’s ovaries and then fertilized by sperm in a lab. The fertilized egg known as embryo or embryos is then transferred into the woman’s uterus. A full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks of time. Sometimes, these steps are split into various parts and the process may take longer according to the age and infertility conditions of the woman undergoing IVF, stated Dr. Asha Patil (Centre Head- Indira IVF centre in Hubli)
The process of IVF may differ slightly from one fertility clinic to another, but a typical IVF treatment follows these series of steps.
First, let’s talk about women-
Step 1: Suppressing the natural monthly cycle
The woman undergoing the treatment of IVF will be given medications that will suppress her natural monthly cycle. These medicines will be of very good help in the next stage of IVF treatment and will make it more effective.
The medication which is given to the woman is either in the form of a daily injection that she'll be trained to give herself, or in the form of a nasal spray. She will have to continue this for about 2 weeks. To get more information about IVF, know from our best IVF specialist in Hubli centre of Indira IVF.
Now comes Step-2: Boosting the egg supply
Once the natural menstrual cycle is suppressed completely, the woman will be given a fertility hormone known as follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). This is another daily injection the woman will give herself after being trained about the same, usually for a period of about 10 to 12 days.
This hormone increases the number of eggs a woman’s ovaries produce, which means more number of eggs can be collected and then fertilized. With more number of fertilized eggs, the fertility clinic has a vast choice of embryos to use in the IVF treatment, explained Dr. Asha Patil (Centre Head- Indira IVF clinic in Hubli)
Step-3: Followed: Checking the progress
The fertility clinic will keep an eye on the woman undergoing IVF treatment, throughout the IVF process. She will have her vaginal ultrasound scans to monitor her ovaries. In some cases, blood tests will also be conducted as per the requirement.
About the time period of 34 to 38 hours before the woman’s eggs undergoing treatment are about to be collected, she will be given a final hormone injection which will help her eggs to mature.
Going towards Step-4: Egg Retrieval
The woman will be sedated by giving anesthesia and then her eggs will be retrieved with the help of a needle which is passed through the vagina and then into each ovary under a proper ultrasound guidance.
This is a very short procedure which takes about 15 to 20 minutes. Post this step of IVF process, some women experience mild to moderate cramps or a small amount of vaginal discharge.
Step-5: Fertilizing the eggs
The eggs which were retrieved in the earlier process are then mixed with the partner's sperm or the donor's sperm in a laboratory. After the duration of nearly 16 to 20 hours, they are observed to see if any of them have been fertilized.
The fertilized eggs or embryos continue to grow in the laboratory for up to 6 days, before they are transferred into the womb. Out of all the fertilized eggs, the best 1 or 2 embryos are chosen and then transferred.
After the egg retrieval process, the woman undergoing IVF treatment will be given hormonal medicines to help prepare the lining of the womb so as to receive the embryo. This is normally given either via a pessary or through an injection, or gel.
The Final Step: Embryo transfer
After a few days of egg retrieval, the embryos are transferred into the woman’s womb post-fertilization. This process is carried out with the help of a catheter, a thin tube which is passed into the vagina, confirmed Dr. Asha Patil (Centre Head- Indira IVF, best IVF centre in Hubli)
This procedure is simple as compared to egg retrieval and somewhat similar to having a cervical screening test, so it can be carried out without sedation. The number of embryos to be transferred into the mother’s womb should be well discussed before the treatment starts. Know more about this process from IVF doctor in Indira IVF, the best IVF clinic in Hubli.
Age is a matter of concern here-
- Women under the age of 37 should only go with a single embryo transfer in their first IVF cycle. In their second IVF cycle, they should again go with a single embryo transfer if one or more than one top-quality embryos are available. Doctors usually consider using 2 embryos if no good quality embryos are available to transfer. In the third IVF cycle, not more than 2 embryos should be considered for transfer.
- Women between 37-39 years of age should opt for a single embryo transfer if there are 1 or more than 1 top-quality embryos while going through both first and second full IVF cycles and the transfer of double embryos should only be considered in the case if there are no top-quality embryos. In the third IVF cycle, not more than 2 embryos should be considered for transfer.
- Women between 40-42 years of age may go through a double embryo transfer. If any suitable embryos are left unused then they may be kept frozen for future IVF attempts.
Now let’s talk about Men-
While the female partner’s eggs are being retrieved, the male partner will be asked to produce a fresh semen sample. The sperms collected are then washed and spun at a high speed so that the healthiest and the best sperm can be selected.
Instead of using fresh sperm, if the couple is using donated sperm, then it’s thawed before being prepared in the same way. For the most affordable IVF cost in Hubli, visit Indira IVF hospital in Hubli for IVF treatment.
Finding out if you're pregnant
Once the embryo or embryos have been transferred into the woman’s womb, the women will be advised to wait around a time period of 2 weeks before going through a pregnancy test to see whether the treatment has worked or not.
Some fertility clinics may suggest the couple undergoing IVF treatment to carry out a normal urine pregnancy test at home to know the result by themselves, whereas some doctors may want the couple to visit the fertility clinic for a more accurate result through blood test.
This 2-week wait can be a very challenging period for couples undergoing IVF treatment because of the anxiety of not knowing whether the treatment has resulted well or not. Some people consider it the hardest part of the IVF treatment process.
In this period, it may be very useful for the couple to speak to a counsellor at the fertility clinic or to connect with other people going through a similar situation. If the results come positive and call for good news then it will be followed by ultrasound scans during the coming weeks to check whether the things are progressing as expected or not.
The pregnant women will be then offered with the normal antenatal care given to all other women who are pregnant. Sadly, not all the IVF attempts are successful and it’s better for the couple to prepare themselves for this possibility too. Get more information from our best IVF doctor in Hubli centre of Indira IVF.
But the World does not end here. The couple may try again if this IVF cycle doesn't work, though one shouldn't straightaway rush into it. Couples instead of being sad and disappointed, may find counseling or fertility support groups, very helpful during this difficult phase, shared Dr. Asha Patil (Centre Head- Indira fertility clinic in Hubli).
Talk to the best team of fertility experts in the country today for all your pregnancy and fertility-related queries.
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