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About 70 to 80 percent women face ovarian cyst once in a lifetime. The can remain unnoticed for a long time unless. Women in the age group of 15-40 have higher risk of developing ovarian cyst. The formation of cyst can cause hormonal imbalance affecting the ovulation and egg development in ovaries. In such cases, proper medical treatment is required to prevent the formation and removal of the cyst. As one of the best IVF clinic in Rohtak, we recommend a follow up fertility treatment like IUI and IVF to patients dealing with such problems to improve their chances of conceiving. Ovarian cysts are solid or fluid-filled sacs which develop on the surface or within ovary(s). These cysts typically range between sizes of 1 – 4 centimeters but in some cases, they are seen to grow quite large and measure upto 5 cm or more. A lot of women have ovarian cysts at some instant in their lives and it is seen commonly during childbearing years (19-45). In many cases, ovarian cysts presence causes minimal to no discomfort and are harmless. However certain types of ovarian cysts, or cysts that have ruptured, can produce serious symptoms and infertility problems. Dr. Neha singh, infertility and IVF specialist at Indira IVF center in Rohtak told that ovarian cyst has become a prominent cause of infertility in woman. A timely action and proper treatment fulfill the dream of becoming a mother.
Causes of ovarian cysts
Hormonal imbalance: The change in the hormonal level of woman can be responsible for cyst formation. Ovulating drugs are found responsible for hormonal imbalances in some cases.
Endometriosis is found a major cause of ovarian cyst problems in which tissue attaches to an ovary and forms a growth.
In early stages of pregnancy, ovarian cysts can develop until the placenta forms. In rare cases, these cysts do not go away on their own and if it becomes large and painful it may need to be surgically removed.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts
In a lot of cases, ovarian cyst doesn't cause any visible symptoms. In the event that symptoms happen, a woman may encounter pain in the lower region of stomach, pressure, bloating or swelling where the cyst is formed. Dr. Neha singh, Gynecologist & IVF Specialist at Indira IVF test tube baby center in Rohtak has given insight on some of the common symptoms of ovarian cysts. Pain due to cyst might be sharp or dull and can be irregular or steady, contingent upon the type and state of the cyst. If a woman encounters extreme, constant stomach or pelvic pain, she should seek medical attention immediately. Though most cysts do not show any symptoms, they may cause problems if they twist, bleed or rupture. A greater increase in the size of the cyst can result in the shifting of ovaries from their usual position in the abdomen which can increase the risk of ovarian torsion resulting in severe pain and vomiting. On the other hand, a ruptured cyst can cause severe pain and can lead to internal bleeding.
Women of any age can develop ovarian cysts, though they are most common during childbearing years.
Ovarian cysts can result in abnormal ovulation and account for 25 percent of female infertility cases.
Large ovarian cysts or those resulting from endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can hamper a woman’s fertility.
Most ovarian cysts are harmless, produce no symptoms and disappear on their own
Ovarian cysts can rupture. Large ovarian cysts can press against organs, both of which can result in painful symptoms.
Ovarian Cyst and Infertility
It’s observed quite a lot of times that the cysts that develop in women’s ovaries are functional cysts, which means that they are non-threatening and will disappear by themselves without any medical treatment in few months. These types of cysts generally do not affect women’s ability to conceive. A lot of patients who had visited Indira IVF center in Rohtak are found to be affected by cyst problems causing infertility. Despite this, however, they can affect the ovulation cycle of a woman. Ovulation is the process in which the follicle releases a mature egg in the fallopian tube where it fertilizes with sperm into an embryo. An irregularity in normal ovulation is one of the most common factors responsible for female infertility problems. Of the different types of ovarian cysts, these can become the cause of infertility:
A commonly seen medical condition responsible for female infertility, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often thought to be diagnosed with ovarian cysts whereas, in reality, the patient is not affected by ovarian cysts. It is a condition occurring due to insulin resistance and improper functioning of ovaries which in turn can cause irregular cycles and development of numerous small ovary follicles that don’t change month to month as compared to a normally menstruating female.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus starts growing outside the uterus migrating into the abdomen. Endometriosis usually occurs in lower abdomen or pelvis region but it can develop anywhere in the body. Commonly seen symptoms are the lower abdominal pain, pain during periods, or pain with sexual intercourse, and infertility. This tissue is responsive to the normal menstrual hormones and therefore secretes mucus and fluid each month.
Diminished Ovarian Reserve
Women with diminished ovarian reserve tend to produce cysts because the hormonal interaction between the ovary and brain is unbalanced. This unbalance is due to the diminished state of the ovary. Consequently, the brain sends large amounts of stimulation hormone (FSH) to the ovary at inappropriate times of the cycle. The ovary responds with follicular growth that often stalls leaving cysts in the ovary.
Conceiving with IVF
Women facing infertility or other problems can get it treated by proper medication or surgery like laparoscopy. In spite of having reduced fertility potential, many women with mild to moderate cyst can conceive without treatment. It is just that the chance of this happening is so is much lower than normal. So for young ovulating women with ovarian cysts, who have normal reproductive anatomy and have fertile male partners, expectant treatment is often preferable to IUI or IVF. However, if there is any other factor is added like advancing age (over 35 years) or diminishing ovarian reserve, IVF becomes the treatment of choice. A couple can avail best in class infertility treatment services and care at one of the nation’s best IVF center in Rohtak, Indira IVF. “In IVF process, eggs are retrieved from woman’s ovaries and sperm is taken form male partner or donor. The egg and sperm are brought in contact in a lab in a controlled environment to fertilize into an embryo. Since this fertilization process takes place in a lab instead of female’s body, the problems occurring due to cyst formation can be averted. Developed embryos are later implanted into the uterus of woman from where it begins its journey toward normal pregnancy” said Dr. Neha singh, Infertility & IVF Specialist and Indira IVF Test Tube Baby Center in Rohtak . If you have any question about infertility and its treatments, you can contact us here for a free second opinion and our IVF specialists in Rohtak will answer all your queries. For more fertility based news and reports you can follow us on these social media platforms Facebook, LinkedIn, YouTube, Twitter.
Gynaecologist & IVF Specialist
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